History of Bath

There’s no doubt that Bath is one of Britain’s most historic cities. However, there are a lot of people that don’t quite understand the amount of history that Bath has. It was called “Aquae Sulis” (Latin) which means “the waters of Sulis” all the way back to the first century. The Romans built a couple of temples and spas around the area and since then it has continued to expand each year. It’s thought that the Romans chose this location as it was close to hot springs. There are some people who think that Bath was first found nearly 900 years before the birth of Christ, but this is nothing more than a legend in reality. It’s been confirmed that the Romans were in Bath around 50AD.

Later on, the Romans influence on the city began to disappear. Once King Alfred took over control over the city Bath became more of a royal possession than anything else. King Alfred changed some of the key features that were built by the Romans including the way the streets were constructed as well as the layout of them. He made the town (at the time) an extremely defensive town, surrounding the main important areas with high walls as well as protecting the area with a thousand or so soldiers.

In more recent times (1400s) Oliver King who was the Bishop of Bath at the time came to the decision to totally rebuild the area since many old buildings and so on were in a very bad state. He decided to take this job on step by step, doing one building at a time rather than rushing through it all at once. After all of the baths and the state of the buildings were improved, Bath got city status thanks to Queen Elizabeth in the late 16th century. Not only were places refurbished during these times, but there were also places added to the city including the Theatre Royal and the Orchard Street Theatre just to mention a few. Thankfully, several of these have survived to today.

Because of the huge population increase during the early 19th century, (40,000+ people) a census made the council in Bath realise that a large percentage of the houses in Bath needed to be renovated badly. This project went well, and as a result of the amount of care taking to look after the area Bath is now recognised around the world thanks to UNESCO labelling Bath as a World Heritage Site.

Comments are closed.